What is chronic ankle instability?
Chronic ankle instability might happen when a person has experienced a severe ankle sprain or had multiple sprains to the same ankle. The ankle muscles and ligaments weaken. The resulting impaired neuromuscular control makes the ankle unstable.
What does it feel like?
People with chronic ankle instability commonly experience pain at the ankle with increased activity and a tendency for the ankle to sprain on uneven surfaces or with sudden side-way motions.
What can you do?
Protect the ankle with an ankle support or taping, especially during sports. These measures give proprioceptive feedback to the ankle to decrease recurrent sprains.
You might need to rest from the activity that you get recurrent ankle sprain from, after each repeated sprain.
What we can do to help you?
A sports medicine physician can assess the ankle to establish an accurate diagnosis. Pain medications can be prescribed to help with pain and swelling. Physiotherapists can prescribe a full ankle training programme to strengthen the joint, neuromuscular re-education to reduce recurrent ankle sprains by improving proprioception.
Podiatrist may prescribe or recommend foot orthotics to increase foot stability.
In recalcitrant cases, surgical options could be considered as well.